Commercial name Tucuma oil
CAS # 98143-57-8
Botanical name Astrocaryum vulgare
Plant part Pulp/Kernel
Manufacturing place Brazil
The tucumã kernel oil is very similar in appearance, consistency and properties to the the palm kernel oil. It is ideal for cooking. Due to their low level of free acids the refining process becomes much simpler compared to the palm oil. The high concentration of lauric acid (47%) detected in the tucumã kernel oil qualifies it with excellent properties for soap processing.
Rich in omega 3, 6 and 9, it is an excellent moisturizer, used in cosmetics for skin hydration, body lotions and hair care products for damaged hair. It is also an excellent emollient with high spreadability. This oils is rich in beta-carotene being ideal for sun related skin care.
The fruit oil is highly nutritious containing one of the highest concentrations of β-carotene (180 to 330 mg/100 g of oil), only equaling the value of buriti pulp (Mauritia flexuosa). This exceptional high natural concentration of β-carotene, known as one of the most powerful natural antioxidants, forms a protective film and enhances the brilliance and vitality of dry and brittle hair. Contains high levels of vitamins A and C, in addition to the anti-oxidant properties, the topical application of these vitamins can improve the elasticity and firmness of the skin.
- IDENTIFICATION DATA
- STEROLS AND VITAMINS E COMPOSITION
- TECHNICAL DOCUMENT
Commercial name Tucuma oil
Parameters Limits Test methods
Acid Value < 4% P.E. 2.5.1 Peroxide Value < 10 mEq/Kg P.E. 2.5.5 Saponification value 180-200 AOCS Cd 1-85 Insoluble Impurities < 0.001% AOCS Ca 3a-46 Linoleic Acid 10-20% AOCS Ce 1e-91 Oleic Acid 30-35% AOCS Ce 1e-91 Palmitic Acid 10-15% AOCS Ce 1e-91 Stearic Acid 10-15% AOCS Ce 1e-91 Linolenic Acid 5-10% AOCS Ce 1e-91
Parameters Limits Test methods
Total sterols (mg/100g) 270 PE 2.4.23
Campestrol 10 – 15 %
Stigmasterol 7 – 10%
Total Tocopherols (mg/100g) 48 AOCS Ce 8-89
Mature, Aging Skin
Excellent emollient with high spreadability
Rich source of beta-carotene
High levels of vitamins A, C and B1
Acts as an inhibitor of melanin biosynthesis
Rich in omega 3, 6 and 9
Product description Product specification MSDS
(1) Santos MFG, Marmesat S, Brito ES, Alves RE and Dobarganes MC. 2013. Major components in oils obtained from Amazonian palm fruits. Grasas Aceites 64, 328-334.
(2) Rodrigues AMC, Darnet S, Silva LHM. 2010. Fatty Acid profiles tocopherol of buriti (Mauritia flexuosa), patawa (Oenocarpus bataua), tucumã (Astrocaryum vulgare), mari (Poraqueiba paraensis) and inajá (Maximiliana maripa) fruits. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 21, 2000-2004.
(3) Bereau D, Benjelloun-Mlayah B, Banoub J, Bravo R. 2003. FA and unsaponifiable composition of five Amazonian palm kernel oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 80, 49-53.
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The tamanu tree is indigenous to tropical Southeast Asia; it is found in Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar, Malaysia, South India, Sri Lanka, and the Melanesian and Polynesian islands. It grows up to three meters tall, sporting cracked, black bark and elliptical, shiny leaves. The tamanu tree blooms twice annually with fragrant, white flowers, which later yield clusters of yellow-skinned spherical fruit. The fruit's pulp tastes similar to an apple, within which a large nut is embedded. The nut contains an odorless pale kernel. This kernel is dried in the sun until it becomes sticky with a dark, thick, rich oil; it must be protected from humidity and rain during drying.
This sticky oil is cold-pressed to make a greenish oil. Polynesian Natives believed the tamanu tree was a sacred gift of nature. It was an answer to skin protection from hot sun, high humidity and ocean wind.
It is reputed to have wondrous wound-healing properties, as well as being a cure-all for almost every skin ailment you can think of, from acne to eczema to psoriasis, but all of the miraculous claims are hinged on anecdotal, not scientific, evidence. There’s no harm in using this oil in skin care.
Based on those traditional uses, tamanu oil has been thoroughly researched, and the conclusive evidence on its ability to heal damaged skin is overwhelming. Its benefits are notable for scarring, stretch marks, minor cuts and abrasions, rashes, sores, and much more. It can be used directly on the skin or mixed within formulations. Stores well under any condition but extreme heat will lessen the shelf life.
Tamanu oil has a rich, deep scent with a bold dark colour and because of this it may alter the colour and aroma of cosmetic creations. Tamanu oil may naturally separate or solidify at cold temperatures.
Perilla is usually consumed directly in everyday life. The leaves are green (purple coloured if still young age) is used as a complement in salads, this leaves well-known in the culture barbeque in Korea. The seeds can be extracted an oil which is rich in benefits.
Perilla seed oil contains high levels of omega 3 fatty acids that are known to have antiseptic activity and to be effective against the bacteria responsible for acne. capacity is also attributed to this oil to suppress chronic inflammation and itching. Perilla seed oil is particularly suitable for use in a mixture, in facial massage oil, lotion, cream and as part of the scrub salt formulations.
The Brazil nut is, in fact, a seed rather than a nut, but popular usage continues to prevail. Nutritionally, Brazil nuts are an excellent source of selenium and a good source of magnesium and thiamine. There are 14% protein, 11% carbohydrates, and 67% fat (1). The fat breakdown is roughly 25% saturated, 41% monounsaturated, and 34% polyunsaturated. The absolute saturated fat content of Brazil nuts is among the highest of all nuts, surpassing even macadamia nuts.
The proteins found in Brazil nuts are very high in sulfur-containing amino acids like cysteine (8%) and methionine (18%) and are also extremely rich in glutamine, glutamic acid, and arginine. The presence of these amino acids enhances the absorption of selenium and other minerals in the nut.