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Prickly Pear Oil

This cactus plant of the Cactaceae family [1], originated from Mexico, was introduced into North Africa in the 16th century [2]. Nowadays, Opuntia Ficus Indica grows everywhere in Morocco. Seeds contained in the pulp, accounts for 2 to 10% [3,4]. And it was reported that oil content varies according to the origin of the seed. The Italian cultivar was about 9.14% [5] when Moroccan one contain between 5 to 6%. The Tunisian cultivar has about 11% [8], South African one 5-6% and Chinese 6% [10].

So, we can conclude that the oil content in the prickly seed will be between 5 to 10% according to the cultivar used for the extraction. And finally, we can say that to get 1 kg of oil, between 300 and 500kg of fresh fruits will be needed.

The oil processed from the seeds is characterized by a high degree of unsaturation wherein linoleic acid is the major fatty acid (56.1–77%). Oleic (C18:1) and linoleic (C18:2) acids can count for more than 80% [8] of the total fatty acids.

The sterol fraction is usually about 1% of TL withβ-sitosterol as sterol marker, representing 72% of the total sterol content in seed oil.

Vetiver Oil

Originally native to India and Indonesia, vetiver grows wild in all tropical and subtropical latitudes. Vetiver is an herbaceous, perennial, bushy plant that can grow up to two meters tall. Its long, rigid, narrow leaves. Vetiver is most closely related to Sorghum but shares many morphological characteristics with other fragrant grasses, such as lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), citronella (Cymbopogon nardus, C. winterianus), and palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii).

The name vetiver first appeared in France in the 19th century. It comes from the Tamil vettiveru, from vetti, meaning "pull out" and ver meaning "root", thus translating as "dug up roots" or "unearthed roots." In many Indian states, it is also known as Cus-Cus, Khus-Khus, or Khas-Khas. Vetiver is also written "vetyver". Vetiver scent was very popular in ancient India, when Indian brides-to-be were given an ointment made from vetiver roots. The stems and leaves were used as thatch to roof houses, or were braided into mats.

Vetiver roots are the source of the precious woody, earthy smell that is characteristic of the plant. They also play an ecological role in preventing soil erosion caused by flooding and runoff of rainwater.

Indonesia, India and Haiti are the main producers of the essential oil. Javanese vetiver is characterized by its strong smoky notes.

Epimedium extract

Horny Goat Weed is a herb (Epimedium) that is known for being an aphrodisiac and touted as a Testosterone Booster. It derives its layman names from goats and sheep that acted a bit more frisky after consuming Epimedium that grew near their fields. It is mainly in the Chinese tradition that we consider Epimedium as a medicinal plant. Chinese herbalists called epimedium Yin Yang Huo, which means "Main or first balance of Yin (female energy) and Yang (masculine energy)." Although most often Chinese herbalists use different species of Epimedium such as E. brevicornum, sagittatum E., E. acuminatum, koreanum E., E. pubescens, E. wushanense, etc. However, the genuine or original one was Epimedium grandiflora. According to the principles of Chinese medicine, epimedium tones the kidneys and fortifies the yang. As with many supplements, the claims about the effectiveness of horny goat weed are expansive. And, as is also true with many supplements, researches on the effects of horny goat weed on humans are definitely limited. A study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine investigated its effects on rats. Researchers found that rats treated with purified extract of horny goat weed showed improved erectile function. Another study found that icariin is effective in inhibiting human PDE5, the substance that blocks erections, in test tubes. But it also determined that sildenafil (Viagra) is 80 times more potent than icariin.

Ginseng extracts

Panaxosides also called, are found only in Panax ginseng. A massive search was devoted to these molecules, the original plant is appreciated for over 7000 years for its medicinal properties.

Ginsenoside